Expand your roofing industry vocabulary with these simple definitions and illustrations. Find more resources in our glossary!
Hip: A hip forms an angle where two sloping sections meet at the side of a roof.
Ridge: Similar to a mountain range, a ridge refers to a horizontal line where two roof areas intersect.
Valley: A valley is an internal angle where two sloping roof areas intersect.
Gable: A gable is the vertical triangular area formed at the end of a peaked roof.
Rake: The sloping sides on the edge of a gable roof.
Eave: The bottom, horizontal edge of a roof that normally projects beyond the edge of the building, forming an overhang that guides roof runoff clear of the walls.
Fascia: The vertical trim board at the eave that is nailed to the ends of rafters (rafter tails); gutters are attached to the fascia.
Soffit: Material covering the space between the roof overhang and side of a building; roof vents are common in soffits and combine with ridge vents to provide ventilation to attics.
Dormer: A dormer is a structure projecting from a sloping roof. Dormers often house a window and come in many shapes and sizes.